What is Parquet Flooring and Why Is It Good for Your Home?

24 Jun 2024 4 min read No comments Sin categoría
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Parquet flooring is a timeless and sophisticated flooring option that adds an element of elegance and character to any space. This article delves into the various aspects of parquet flooring, exploring its history, types, installation methods, maintenance tips, and benefits, providing a comprehensive understanding of why parquet remains a popular choice for homeowners and designers alike.

History of Parquet Flooring

Modern parquet flooring dates back to the 16th century, originating in France, where it was used in grand palaces and estates. The word “parquet” comes from the Old French term “parchet,” meaning a small enclosed space. Historically, parquet was a symbol of luxury and craftsmanship, with intricate patterns laid by skilled artisans. It gained widespread popularity in the 17th century, particularly in the Palace of Versailles, where the stunning geometric designs set the standard for opulent flooring.

Types of Parquet Flooring

Solid Wood Parquet

Solid wood parquet consists of individual pieces of solid hardwood, such as oak, maple, or walnut, arranged in intricate patterns. This type of parquet is highly durable and can be sanded and refinished multiple times, making it a long-lasting choice. The natural beauty and grain of solid wood add warmth and richness to any room.

Engineered Parquet

Engineered parquet is composed of a top layer of real hardwood bonded to several layers of plywood or high-density fiberboard. This construction provides greater stability and resistance to moisture and temperature fluctuations compared to solid wood. Engineered parquet is a versatile option suitable for various environments, including basements and areas with underfloor heating.

Laminate Parquet

Laminate parquet mimics the appearance of real wood using a photographic layer beneath a clear protective coating. While it lacks the authenticity of solid or engineered wood, laminate parquet is an affordable and low-maintenance alternative. It is available in a wide range of designs and colors, offering flexibility in achieving the desired aesthetic.

Parquet Flooring Patterns


The herringbone pattern is one of the most recognizable and classic parquet designs. It involves rectangular wood pieces arranged in a zigzag pattern, creating a visually striking effect. Herringbone adds a sense of movement and sophistication to any space.


Chevron is similar to herringbone but features pieces cut at an angle, forming a continuous zigzag pattern. This design creates a sleek and modern look, enhancing the visual appeal of contemporary interiors.

Basket Weave

Basket weave involves weaving rectangular wood pieces together to form a pattern resembling a woven basket. This design adds texture and depth to the flooring, making it a focal point in any room.


The Versailles pattern is a highly intricate design named after the Palace of Versailles. It consists of interlocking squares and triangles, creating a luxurious and regal appearance. This pattern is ideal for large, formal spaces that demand attention.

Installation Methods

Glue-Down Method

The glue-down method involves adhering the parquet pieces directly to the subfloor using a strong adhesive. This method provides a stable and secure installation, minimizing the risk of movement or gaps over time. It is suitable for both solid and engineered parquet.

Floating Method

In the floating method, the parquet pieces are not glued or nailed to the subfloor but instead fit together using a tongue-and-groove mechanism. This method allows the flooring to “float” over the subfloor, making it easier to install and accommodating slight imperfections in the subfloor.

Nail-Down Method

The nail-down method involves securing the parquet pieces to a wooden subfloor using nails or staples. This traditional method is often used for solid wood parquet and provides a sturdy and long-lasting installation. It requires precise workmanship to ensure a seamless finish.

Maintenance and Care

Regular Cleaning

To maintain the beauty of parquet flooring, regular cleaning is essential. Sweeping or vacuuming with a soft brush attachment removes dirt and debris that can scratch the surface. Damp mopping with a well-wrung mop and a pH-neutral cleaner keeps the floor looking pristine.

Preventative Measures

Using felt pads under furniture legs and placing rugs or mats in high-traffic areas can prevent scratches and wear. Avoiding direct sunlight exposure by using curtains or blinds helps prevent fading and discoloration.


Solid wood parquet can be sanded and refinished multiple times to restore its original luster. Depending on the level of wear, refinishing may be necessary every 10-15 years. Engineered parquet can be lightly sanded and refinished once or twice, depending on the thickness of the top layer.

Benefits of Parquet Flooring

Aesthetic Appeal

Engineered wood flooring offers unparalleled aesthetic appeal, with its intricate patterns and natural wood grain adding elegance and character to any space. It complements various interior styles, from classic to contemporary, making it a versatile choice for homeowners and designers.


Both solid and engineered parquet are known for their durability and longevity. When properly maintained, parquet flooring can last for decades, making it a worthwhile investment. The ability to sand and refinish the surface extends its lifespan and maintains its beauty over time.

Value Addition

Parquet flooring enhances the value of a property. Its luxurious appearance and long-lasting nature make it an attractive feature for potential buyers. Investing in parquet flooring can yield a higher return on investment compared to other flooring options.

Eco-Friendly Option

Many parquet flooring options are sourced from sustainable forests and are available in eco-friendly finishes. Choosing parquet contributes to environmental conservation while providing a beautiful and natural flooring solution.


Parquet flooring is a timeless and elegant choice that adds value, beauty, and durability to any home. With a rich history, variety of types and patterns, and versatile installation methods, parquet remains a popular flooring option. Proper maintenance ensures its longevity, making it a practical and aesthetically pleasing investment for homeowners. Whether opting for solid, engineered, or laminate parquet, the charm and sophistication of parquet flooring are unmatched.

Author: thewoodflooring


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